Roads are the artillery of a country. The Indian road transportation is right now standing at the cross roads of technological development. While some parts of the country are well connected, many parts do not have well developed roads and the roads are least maintained. The road transportation also counts the development and advancement of motor vehicle industry. Let us see the current state of road transportation has changed in India! You can experience the road transport across India via buses, and you can book bus tickets online in ticketgoose.com
State of Indian Motor Vehicles
Motor vehicles in India are low as per international standards. There are only 24.85 million cars in India as per 2013 records. About 21 percent of households have two wheelers whereas only 4.7 percent of households in India have cars or jeep or vans. as per the 2011 Census. Interestingly, the number of deaths caused by traffic is amongst the highest in the world and it is increasing.
But on the positive side, the automobile industry in India is currently rapidly growing with an annual production of over 4.6 million vehicles, with an annual growth rate of 10.5% and vehicle volume is expected to rise greatly in the future.
The Bus demographics
Buses are an important means of public transport in India. Due to the significant amount of population uses bus travel, urban bus transport is often owned and operated by public agencies, and most state governments operate bus services through a State Road Transport Corporation. Along with public companies, there are many private bus fleets. As per 2012 reports, there were 131,800 publicly owned buses in India, but 1,544,700 buses owned by private companies. Still, the share of buses is negligible in most Indian cities as compared to personalised vehicles, and two-wheelers and cars account for more than 80 percent of the vehicle population in most large cities.
Indian highways has the total length of 33 lakh kilometres combining all the expressways, and other rural and district roads. There are over 200 national highways and their total length is around 92,800 kilometres. The total length of state highways round 1,31,899 kilometres. Only a mere 1.7% of all the roads constitute of national highways, yet they control 40% of road traffic in the country. Traffic is increasing at an average pace of 10.16% per annum over the last five years.
The smallest & largest National highways
The smallest national highway, running from Eranakulam to Kochi Port, is NH47A with a mere length of 6 kilometres. NH7 is the longest national highway. It runs from Kanyakumari to Varanasi and has a length of 2369 kilometres.
Bharat Stage emission standards
Bharat stage emission standards (BSES) are emission standards instituted by the Government of India to regulate the pollutants that comes from internal combustion engines. These standards are based on European regulations. Since October 2010, Bharat Stage (BS) III norms have been enforced across the country. The phasing out of 2-stroke engine for two wheelers, the cessation of production of Maruti 800 & introduction of electronic controls are due to these regulations based on BSES.
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